The vocal section is a complex set of re-recorded and panned vocals, all sung by the same guy.

We call "vocal part" the ensemble of simultaneous homorhythmic vocal lines.
The video illustrates a grouping of vocal parts by timbral and spatial similarity.

 

   
   


Three examples of the setup:
two homorhythmic voices, same pitch, both panned center
(standard double-tracking)
Live performance using double-tracking.


Three examples of the setup:
two homorhythmic voices, same pitch, hard-panned L/R


Three examples of the setup:
four homorhythmic voices, same pitch, two are hard-panned L, two are hard-panned R


Three examples of the setup:
two homorhythmic voices, different pitch, both panned center


Three examples of the setup:
four homorhythmic voices, higher/L, higher/R, lower/L, lower/R


Triangle setups for three homorhythmic voices.
Dynamic vocal setups.

Ext 1: dynamic vocal setups are possible in mono, and can be found as soon as the end of the 60's.

Ext 2: the same band, 12 years later. A cleaner technology, a more subtle use of dynamic vocal setups.

Dynamic vocal setups in pop.
Dynamic vocal setups in RnB: not always easy to follow.
In rap music, dynamic vocal setups as punctuation.
   
Mainstream & complex, extract.
Mainstream & complex, complete song.
   
   
   
   
Listen to the vocals: the melody follows a AABC-type form, the vocal setup a ABCB-type form.
   
   
   
   
   
Many Justin Timberlakes! This transcription of the vocal setups may not be accurate.
   
   



Extract 1: complex vocal setups ("stacks") with Autotune. The overall aspect is different from the complex vocal setups from this chapter.
Extract 2: Autotune produces subtle transitions that are reminiscent of middle-eastern music.
Extract 3: The syllables "I", "Wa-" and "Go" are cut and looped. No fade-in => audible attack ("click"). Edited so that the attack is synchro 1) to the beat 2) to the afterbeat 3) to the beat. INA/GRM-like work in a dancefloor pop song.
Extract 4: Can you hear the difference between repitched and not repitched? Latter case: vocal formant is transposed as well. Former case: vocal formant is at its original frequency. IRCAM-like work in an electronica / 80's revival song.